Guide to Secure your Online Browsing: Chrome, Firefox and Internet Explorer


Chidinma's work mate has just had her Facebook account hacked. Someone is posting nude images on her wall. She has deleted them but Chidinma needs to explain to her the best way to protect her browser, so it does not happen again.

Since we use our browser for most of our online activities, it is important to know how to configure it correctly.  Not securing our browser, may result in attacks on our computers.

Though we can not guarantee complete safety from malware attempts and online attacks, we know that following the steps below will increase your web browser security. At the same time, we can not name one single browser as the best possible selection for a user, since so many studies and articles name one over the other. For this reason, we will simply choose to present the 3 most popular web browsers for Windows: Google Chrome, Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox.

Tips for Secure Browsing with Microsoft Internet Explorer 10


These settings can be accessed through the “Internet Options” menu.

  • Configure security settings: Under the “Security” tab, do the following:
    • Set security zones: IE offers the option to configure different security settings for different “zones,” including the Internet, local intranet, trusted sites, and restricted sites. Set up the zones for Intranet, Trusted Sites, and Restricted sites to your desired security level.
    • Set Internet zone security to “Medium High” or higher. This blocks certain cookie types, enables ActiveX filtering, and implements several other default settings for increased security.
  • Automatically clear history: Select “Delete browsing history on exit” under the “General” tab. Clearing your history at the end of each session helps to limit the amount of information IE saves when you browse.
  • Configure privacy settings: Under the “Privacy” tab, complete the following steps:
    • Privacy setting: Set the Internet zone privacy to “Medium High” or higher. This blocks certain cookie types to prevent sites from tracking or contacting you without your consent.
    • Location: Select “Never allow websites to request your physical location.”
    • Pop-up Blocker: Double check that Pop-up Blocker is enabled.
  • Configure Advanced Security settings: Scroll down to the “Security” section under the “Advanced” tab and do the following:
    • Ensure that all default settings are in place. If you aren’t sure, click “Restore advanced settings” before making any other changes.
    • Select “Do not save encrypted pages to disk.” This will delete files cached from HTTPS pages when the browser is closed.
    • Select “Empty Temporary Internet Files folder when browser is closed.” This prevents IE from storing your personal info (logins, passwords, activity, etc) beyond your browsing session.
    • Turn off autoComplete: The AutoComplete feature should be turned off for forms and usernames/passwords. Keeping AutoComplete turned off ensures that your sensitive information isn’t being stored unnecessarily.
  • Tracking protection: IE’s Tracking Protection feature keeps your browsing private from specified third-party websites. This feature can be accessed through IE’s “Safety” menu. In order to use Tracking Protection you will need to provide a Tracking Protection List that names all of the sites you don’t want your information being sent to. You can create a list yourself or download lists online.

Tips for Secure Browsing with Mozilla Firefox

firefox-privacy-settingsThese settings can be accessed through the “Options” menu.

  • Configure privacy settings: Under the “Privacy” tab, complete the following steps. These measures ensure that Firefox is storing only as much of your information as it needs to function normally.
    • Select “Use custom settings for history.”
    • Deselect “Remember my browsing and download history.”
    • Deselect “Remember search and form history.”
    • Deselect “Accept third-party cookies.”
    • Set cookie storage to “Keep until I close Firefox.”
    • Select “Clear history when Firefox closes.”



  • Configure security settings: Under the “Security” tab, choose the following settings. These steps prevent Firefox from saving your passwords and keep you from visiting potentially harmful sites.
    • Verify that “Warn me when sites try to install add-ons,” “Block reported attack sites,” and “Block reported web forgeries” are all selected.
    • Deselect “Remember passwords for sites.”
  • Enable pop-up blocking: Verify that “Block pop-up windows” is selected under the “Content” tab. This feature should be turned on by default as it protects users from unwarranted advertisements and windows.
  • Don’t sync: Avoid using Firefox Sync. By doing so you prevent Firefox from storing your logins, passwords, and other sensitive information.
  • Turn on automatic updates: Verify that “Automatically install updates” is selected in the “Update” tab under “Advanced.” Doing so will ensure that your browser receives critical security updates. Verify that “Automatically update Search Engines” is selected as well.
  • Use secure protocols: Verify that “Use SSL 3.0” and “Use TLS 1.0” are selected in the “Encryption” tab under “Advanced.”


Tips for Secure Browsing with Google Chrome


These settings can be accessed through Chrome’s “Advanced Settings” menu or by navigating to “chrome://settings/.”



  • Enable phishing and malware protection: Make sure that Chrome’s phishing and malware protection feature is enabled under the “Privacy” section. This feature will warn you if a site you’re trying to visit may be phishing or contain malware.
  • Turn off instant search: The Instant search feature should be turned off for optimal security. While it offers some convenience in searching, having this feature enabled means that anything you type in the address bar is instantly sent to Google.
  • Don’t sync: Disconnect your email account from your browser under the “Personal Stuff” tab. Syncing your email account with your Chrome browser means that personal information such as passwords, autofill data, preferences, and more is stored on Google’s servers. If you must use sync, select the “Encrypt all synced data” option and create a unique passphrase for encryption.
  • Configure content settings: Click “Content settings” under the “Privacy” section and do the following:
    • Cookies: Select “Keep local data only until I quit my browser” and “Block third-party cookies and site data.” These options ensure that your cookies will be deleted upon quitting Chrome and that advertisers will not be able to track you using third-party cookies.
    • Pop-ups: Select “Do not allow any site to show pop-ups.
    • Location: Select “Do not allow any site to track my physical location.”
  • Configure passwords and forms settings: Disable Autofill and deselect “Offer to save passwords I enter on the web” under the “Passwords and forms” section. Doing so will prevent Chrome from saving your logins, passwords, and other sensitive information that you enter into forms.

In this fight for online protection, keeping your main tool – the BROWSER – secure is a vital step. That is why our operating system defence should contain multiple layers of protection, from security products to manually customizing our browsers, since our web browser is actually the central tool we use to access our social media accounts, our e-mail addresses and our online banking websites.

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Summary steps

  • Always enable a pop-up blocker for your browser.
  • Set your browsers to automatically clear all browsing history.
  • Do not use browser sync, or else your login details will be stored and anyone else who logs in would have access to your email and private information.