10 Things to Know about Nigeria’s Cybercrime Act 2015
BackgroundNasir and Dolapo are working together to track the activities of AGA on social media. They need to build up a case so law enforcement agencies can clamp down on AGA. How do they go about this, without contravening the Nigerian Cybercrime Act 2015
Nasir and Dolapo are working together to track the activities of AGA on social media. They need to build up a case so law enforcement agencies can clamp down on AGA. How do they go about this, without contravening the Nigerian Cybercrime Act 2015
10 things to know about Nigeria’s Cybercrime Act 2015. There you go:
1. Any person convicted of child pornography convictions will be receive 10 years in prison and/ or a N20 million fine, depending on the nature of the offence. Child pornography includes producing, procuring, distributing, and possession such images.
2. Anyone convicted of identity theft will receive result in 3 years’ imprisonment and/ or a N7 million fine.
3. The Act also outlaws cyber-stalking and cyber-bullying. Anyone convicted of these could receive a N2 million minimum fine and/or at least 1 year in prison. More severe offences could attract a penalty as high as a N25 million minimum fine and/or up to 10 years’ imprisonment, depending on the severity of the offence.
4.If hackers are found guilty of unlawfully accessing a computer system or network, they could be fined up to N10 million, imprisoned for 5 years, or both, depending on the purpose of the hack. The same applies to Internet fraudsters who commit cybercrimes by sending electronic messages, or accessing and using data on computer systems.
5. The president may decide that certain systems, networks and information infrastructure are vital to Nigeria’s national security or its citizens’ economic and social well-being. Therefore, the president may term them Critical National Information Infrastructure, and may implement procedures and guidelines for their use, and may conduct audits to make sure they are functioning as they’re supposed to. For example, the transportation, communications, banking sectors are critical national infrastructure.
6. A conviction for any offence committed against any part of Nigeria’s critical national infrastructure that results in someone’s death attracts the death penalty (and there are other punishments for lesser crimes).
7. The Act prohibits cybersquatting and anyone convicted of this faces at least 2 years’ imprisonment, and/or a minimum N5 million fine.
8. The distribution of racially or ethnically prejudicial or violent material through a computer system or network is prohibited. Convictions attract at least 5 year’s imprisonment and/or a minimum N10million fine.
9. Internet service providers (ISPs) are required to keep records of users’ Internet traffic and their subscriber data, and must safeguard this information so that the users’ constitutional right to privacy is respected.
10. Lastly, the Act allows electronic communication to be intercepted, but only with a court order based on reasonable grounds to suspect that the information is required for a criminal investigation or proceedings.
You can read or download the whole Act here: CyberCrime (Prohibition,Prevention,etc) Act, 2015
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